In the News: Their View: Decisions based on science, not propaganda
By Peter Goodman / For the Sun-News
The Endangered Species Act requires officials to use the best available scientific information.
Steve Pearce and his chief of staff, Todd Willens, would like to do away with the law, but for now it is the law.
(Willens was legislative director for California Congressman Richard Pombo, who received abundant supplies of oil and gas money and sought to repeal the Endangered Species Act. Pombo was on the Sierra Club's "Dirty Dozen List" because of his ties to oil and gas, and was close to Jack Abramoff, who was later jailed for his illegal influence-peddling. Pombo lost his congressional seat in 2008; but industry's fight to eradicate the Endangered Species Act lives on, with Pearce playing a major role.)
A 2007 episode in Willens' career is instructive: the Florida Everglades were on the U.N. World Heritage Committee's list as an endangered site. A National Park Service report advocated keeping the Everglades on the list. Willens, the deputy assistant secretary of the Interior, led the U.S. delegation to the committee meeting. He vetoed the scientific opinion of the Park Service and the committee's scientific advisors. He urged the committee to take the Everglades off the list.
There's a pattern here:
Responsible scientists advising the U.N. said the Everglades should stay on the "Endangered Sites" list. Willens got it removed.
Responsible scientists say that the dunes sagebrush lizard is endangered, and that "voluntary" agreements by some landowners won't suffice to save it. Pearce disagrees, but without scientific support.
Responsible scientists — and the U.S. military — say global warming is a serious problem. Rep. Pearce calls it "something that can't be validated."
Where responsible science is inconvenient for oil and gas or Pearce's other financial backers, he wishes it away.
The best example of this is Pearce's ostrich-like reaction to climate change. (Maybe the Republican Party should switch symbols, from elephant to ostrich.) Pearce proclaims (on his peopleforpearce website) that "scientist Tim Ball . . . testified that the science is very unclear on whether the carbon in the atmosphere is manmade. The fact is that scientists are still deeply divided on the issue." Pearce proudly states that he called Ball to testify, and he claims Ball was the only real scientist who testified; but Ball's lack of credibility is almost comical.
Ball is a Canadian climate change skeptic. He chairs the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Natural Resources Stewardship Project. Two of its three directors are executives with a lobbying company, the High Park Group, which represents energy clients on energy policy. Before that, he was with an oil industry-backed organization, Friends of Science.
Ball and his industry-backed sponsors are as careless with his resume as they are with science. Ball was a professor of geography at the University of Winnipeg between 1988 and 1996. NRSP has billed him as "retired professor of climatology at the University of Winnipeg." In 2006, Ball wrote a letter to the Royal Society identifying himself as "Professor of Climatology, University of Winnipeg." But that university had never had a climatology department; Ball has never been a professor of climatology; and his stint as a active geology professor had ended 20 years earlier. His affiliated groups have frequently called him Canada's "first Ph.D in climatology" — but his Ph.D was in historical geography.
Space doesn't permit further details here, but Ball isn't the eminent scientist Pearce wishes he were. Ball has published only four pieces of original research in his entire career, none in the last 11 years. He has published in "Energy and Environment" described by one expert as "a journal skeptics can go to when they are rejected by the mainstream peer-reviewed science publications." In legal pleadings, the Calgary Herald stated that "The Plaintiff (Dr. Ball) is viewed as a paid promoter of the agenda of the oil and gas industry rather than as a practicing scientist." (Ball then withdrew his somewhat dubious lawsuit against the Herald.)
This is the industry hack Pearce dragged in to testify to a congressional committee. This is the man Pearce cites as "scientific" authority for Pearce's disbelief in climate change. Sorry, Steve. Not even close.
Ball's just a guy who's figured out how to make a decent living off saying what the oil and gas industry wants to hear - kind of like Steve Pearce, actually.
The present dunes sagebrush lizard issue is also classic Pearce.
I don't claim to know whether the lizard is endangered or how best to preserve it. The experts say one thing. Pearce says another, because the scientific view doesn't suit him — or his backers.
He can't fight on scientific grounds.
Therefore, Pearce tries scare tactics. Apparently the lizard's range overlaps about 1 or 2 percent of the oil and gas leases in the Permian Basin.
One or 2 percent. Pearce screams that protecting the lizard could cost us "most of the oil and gas jobs in southeast New Mexico." (Government officials in charge of implementing the Endangered Species Act don't agree, of course.)
"The delta smelt listing as endangered put 27,000 farmers in the San Joaquin Valley out of work. It shut them down cold," Pearce protests — inaccurately.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (not a bunch of environmentalists) has estimated that job loss was more like 5,000. Meanwhile, continued drought conditions cost 16,000 jobs, but Pearce can't make political capital out of addressing the drought, which appears to be exacerbated by weather change due to greenhouse gasses we create.
If there are solutions to these complex issues, we'll find them through honest examination of the scientific and economic facts, and reasoned debate.
Fear-mongering is a time-honored tool for demagogues. It's a whole lot easier and sometimes more politically effective than serious examination of troublesome issues.
But it's a lousy way to run a government.
Peter Goodman, a former journalist, moved back to Doña Ana County this year with his wife, Dael. He blogs at www.soledadcanyon.blogspot.com.
PLEASE SUBMIT A LETTER TO THE EDITOR of the Las Cruces Sun-News, thanking them for this article and expressing support for recovery of Mexican gray wolves.
The letters to the editor page is one of the most widely read, influential parts of the newspaper. One letter from you can reach thousands of people and will also likely be read by staff for Congressman Pearce and other elected officials.
Tips for writing your letter are below, but please write in your own words, from your own experience.
Letter Writing Tips & Talking Points
Below are a few suggestions for ensuring your message gets through clearly-your letter will be most effective if you focus on a few key points, so don’t try to use all of these. If you need additional help or want someone to review your letter before you send it, email it to firstname.lastname@example.org:
Start by thanking paper for their coverage of this important issue-this makes your letter immediately relevant and increases its chances of being published.
Remind people that while the article did not mention Mexican gray wolves, Pearce has repeatedly attempted to end the program to recover them, using the same tactics of misinformation and fear-mongering described in the Op-ed. Only 50 remain in the wild, making them the most endangered mammal in North America and the most endangered wolf in the world.
Point out that total cost of the entire program from 1977 through the end of 2010 was about 30 cents for a family of four, or ~.008 cents a year per family-a real bargain to keep a keystone species from extinction.
Talk about your personal connection to wolves and why the issue is important to you. If you’re a grandmother wanting your grandchildren to have the opportunity to hear wolves in the wild, or a hunter who recognizes that wolves make game herds healthier, or a businessperson who knows that wolves have brought millions in ecotourism dollars to Yellowstone, say so.
Reiterate the ecological benefits of wolves to entire ecosystems and all wildlife. Top predators, such as Mexican gray wolves, are vital to keeping wildlands healthy and full of life. Wildlife biologists believe that Mexican wolves will improve the overall health of the Southwest and its rivers and streams – just as the return of gray wolves to Yellowstone has helped restore balance to its lands and waters.
Keep your letter brief, between 150-300 words.
Provide your name, address, occupation, and phone number; your full address, occupation, and phone number will not be published, but they are required in order to have your letter published.
Email your letter to: email@example.com
Please send us a copy of any letters you submit-this helps us track what is being published. Thank you for all you do to help save these wonderful wolves!
Photo courtesy of Amber Legras