While this article is specific to wolves in Oregon, it calls into question the old standard of “shoot to kill” wolf management. It highlights the success of proactive measures used to avoid livestock losses and ensure coexistence and the wild wolf population. Livestock producers who are being responsible stewards of the land are finding that wolf conflicts have declined, even as wolf numbers have increased.
- Electric fencing
- Guard dogs
- Range riders
- Scare devices
- Requiring livestock owners to remove dead livestock from public lands or render the carcasses inedible to prevent wolves from becoming habituated to domestic meat
- Offering incentives to livestock operators, such as voluntary purchase agreements, to permanently retire grazing allotments within the wolf recovery area, especially in areas of high conflict.